Bible References: Joshua 10.10-11; 1 Samuel 17.1-2; Chronicles 11.9; Nehemiah 11.30; Jeremiah 34.7. Azekah was a notable Israelite town located at the foot of the western mountains in tribal lands of Judah. When Joshua routed Canaanites at Gibeon, Israelites pursued and killed Canaanites all the way to Azekah. In the war between Israelites and Philistines in which David killed Goliath, Philistines camped near Azekah. King Rehoboam built up Azehak as part of fortifying Judah.